Children of Norway
Realizing Children’s Rights in Norway
Norway is committed to the implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child. The first representative for children’s issues, commonly known as the Ombudsman, has taken office in Norway. Although the country has shown willingly in supporting its children, violations of children rights do still occur.
Realization of Children’s Rights Index: 9,42 /10
Population: 4.691 million
Life expectancy: 81,5 years
Main problems faced by children in Norway:
Norway’s population, like that of many other countries, has a number of minority groups. As a result, Norway’s Kvens (descendants from Finnish fishermen), the Sámi (also known as Lapons), Jews and Romanies frequently face discrimination.
Although inclusion is one of Norway’s cornerstones, some children from minority groups still feel stigmatised and are subjected to more threats or violence from their peers. Most Romany children live in poverty and are sometimes refused access to certain places.
The government is trying to fight this through anti-discrimination laws, an equality mediator and promoting racial equality.
According to Amnesty International’s latest report, living conditions in unaccompanied minor centres do not correspond to human rights standards. A worrying phenomenon is that some minors arriving on Norwegian soil and taken into a centre then disappear. Assigning a guardian for each unaccompanied minor is a positive aspect.
In Norway a child can be held criminally responsible from the age of 15. Detention in a specialized youth establishment can vary in length from 4 weeks to 12 months. However, there are very few children held in closed detention as Norway prefers to implement measures in an open environment wherever it is deemed to be in the child’s best interests.
As for the judicial system, there are no specific structures designed for minors. Children aged 15 are tried by the same courts as adults.
A national mental health program has improved services working towards the psychological balance of Norwegian children. However, children’s waiting lists for treatment are still too long.
As for physical health, a 2010 study on weight revealed that 19% of Norwegian children aged between 8 and 9 are overweight or obese. With excess weight putting children’s lives in danger.
Norway has taken an active role in addressing this problem and is looking to raise awareness amongst young people of physical activity and reducing exposure to foods high in fat, sugar or salt.
Although any act of physical aggression by an adult towards a child is punishable under criminal law, a survey on mistreatment that was carried out showed that 5-10% of children are thought to have been subjected to sexual abuse or physical violence. The main consequences of such acts of abuse include withdrawal into oneself, loss of confidence and the development of psychological problems.
In Norway there are between 500 and 2000 people who die every year because of air pollution affecting the health of vulnerable people. The main victims are children and the elderly. Road traffic, along with high usage of studded tyres, tend to generate particulate matter which can cause respiratory or cardiovascular problems or even death.
Stories of children
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Child in the Culture of the Country
“A child has no prejudices, which is the first quality in a great philosopher. He sees the world as it is, with no a priori ideas which distort our adult vision”
Norway’s national holiday: on the 17th of May every year, Norwegians congregate to take part in parades, including many children. It is common to see children marching with the Norwegian flag and singing the national anthem.
Saint Lucy’s Day: St Lucy’s Day takes place on 13th of December, which is a time where the sun is up for 4 hours a day. This celebration sees families gathering around a fire; it’s something children look forward to as they can eat small star-shaped cakes.
Easter: For children Easter goes hand in hand with school holidays and sweets. The custom is to paint a cardboard egg, fill it with sweets and then give it to a child.
Adhesion to the CRC
The international Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) is the first legally binding international instrument of children’s rights protection.
Date of signature: January 26, 1990
Date of ratification: January 8, 1991
Declarations and Reservations :
Norway made no reservation.
Contact the Norwegian UNICEF office: UNICEF office Oslo
Children’s mediator: their role is to promote the child’s rights
To discover another country, click on the continent
- Central Intelligence Agency, The World Factbook
- World Bank
- Amnesty International, Annual report, The state of the world’s human rights
- United Nations, Treaty collection : list of signatories and parties, with their declarations and their reservations
- CRIN – Norway
- Child Rights Committee, 2010
- Ohchr, 2011
- Human Rights Committee report on Norway, 2011
- Amnesty International, 2012
Written by : Mélanie Chatenoud
Review by : Corinne Douziech
Translated by : Victoria Warren
Review by : Amina Mir
Last update 25 th September 2012