The International Labour Organisation (ILO) launched the World Day against Child Labour in 2002. The aim was to draw attention to the plight of child workers and also to highlight the action necessary to eradicate child labour.
Every year, on the June 12, governments, employers, individuals, members of civil society and work organisations join together to fight child labour.
What is child labour?
Child labour encompasses many types of work. Some are difficult, exhausting, dangerous and morally reprehensible. Child labour refers to work which deprives children of their childhood, their potential and their dignity, and harms their schooling, health and physical and mental development. In the most extreme cases, it involves slavery, prostitution or pornographic activities and any work which endangers the child’s health. Some work isn’t classed as child labour, this includes: helping their parents, helping in the family business, and earning pocket money out of school hours or during the holiday.
Whether or not work is classed as child labour depends on the age of the child, the nature of the work and the conditions in which it is undertaken.
A special day
Since 2002, each year highlights a different theme, promoting it to the public and taking specific action to fight child labour. In 2013, the focus was on domestic work and in 2012, human rights and social justice. This day provides opportunities for ILO partners and companies to provide support, for example by financing associations fighting child labour.
For further information about child labour click here